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What does special educational needs (SEN) mean?


In the 0-25 Special Educational Needs and Disabilities Code of Practice 2014 it states:

‘A pupil has SEN where their learning difficulty or disability calls for special educational provision, namely provision different from or additional to that normally available to pupils of the same age.’

The 2014 Code of Practice identifies four areas of special educational needs.  These are:

  • Communication and interaction e.g. difficulties with speech and understanding what is being said to them.
  • Cognition and learning e.g. learning and thinking at a slower pace than children of the same age.
  • Social, emotional and mental health difficulties e.g. anxiety, displaying challenging, disruptive or disturbing behaviour.
  • Sensory and/or physical needs e.g. vision, hearing or mobility.